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Quizzes- first half of semester

The significance of a sociological imagination is that:

Select one:
a. sociology is not concerned with empirical verification of theories
b. sociologists are primarily interested in predicting the future
c. sociology should be considered a philosophy rather than a science
d. sociologists imagine that studying sociology will lead to social revolutions
e. sociology attempts to connect individual experiences to a conception of a larger social structure

e. sociology attempts to connect individual experiences to a conception of a larger social structure
The idea of a sociological imagination originated with:

Select one:
a. Max Weber
b. C. Wright Mills
c. Karl Marx
d. Émile Durkheim
e. Anthony Giddens

b. C. Wright Mills
The norms, beliefs, and values that we learn through socialization make _______________ possible:

Select one:
a. globalization
b. social order
c. power struggles
d. revolution
e. a single world order

social order
Socialization is a process through which we learn or internalize all of the following EXCEPT:

Select one:
a. socially acceptable behavior
b. cultural values
c. social norms
d. our genetic/biological programming (e.g. DNA makeup)
e. distinct sense of self

d. our genetic/biological programming (e.g. DNA makeup)
Which of the following statements about socialization is TRUE:

Select one:
a. Socialization processes are restricted only to infancy and childhood.
b. Socialization processes are restricted to adulthood.
c. Socialization occurs only in Third World countries
d. Socialization processes are particularly significant in infancy and childhood, although they continue to some degree throughout life.

d. Socialization processes are particularly significant in infancy and childhood, although they continue to some degree throughout life.
According to a sociological perspective, people’s behavior:

Select one:
a. is influenced by the social context in important & often unnoticed ways
b. has nothing to do with the social context
c. is mostly a result of their personality
d. is entirely determined by the natural environment
e. is mostly a result of their genes

a. is influenced by the social context in important & often unnoticed ways
According to the Williams reading, locations such as coffee shops, pubs, bookstores, and cafes that fill the gap between home and work are referred to as_____ by sociologists.

Select one:
a. social places
b. third places
c. first places
d. cultural places
e. fun places

b. third places
Sociologists believe that the differences between men and women are purely biological.

Select one:
True
False

False
The basic idea behind feminism is that women and men should be:

Select one:
a. dominate the world
b. objectified
c. accorded equal opportunities and respect
d. trample men

c. accorded equal opportunities and respect
Which theoretical approach uses the analogy of the human body in assessing the role of each part of society in the continuation of society as a whole?

Select one:
a. Marxism
b. symbolic interactionism
c. feminism
d. functionalism
e. postmodernism

d. functionalism
The culturally diverse salad bowl metaphor characterizes the assimilation of a minority group into mainstream culture.

Select one:
True
False

False
The term Veblen used to describe excessive consumption as a means of intentionally signaling one’s social prestige, high wealth, and high social class status was:

Select one:
a. wealthy consumption
b. conspicuous consumption
c. plutocratication of consumption
d. lots and lots of consumption

b. conspicuous consumption
According to Prof. Mundey, which of the following is true about materialism:

Select one:
a. Americans are rampant materialists who value and hold onto their material possessions.
b. Americans are not necessarily materialists because they habitually discarded many of the objects the consume.

b. Americans are not necessarily materialists because they habitually discarded many of the objects the consume.
Which of the following is an example of planned obsolescence:

Select one:
a. The U.S. government banning the sale of cigarettes to minors.
b. A Fortune 500 company automatically firing any employee 65 years of age or older.
c. Apple introducing a new iPhone about a year after it unveiled the last version.
d. A textile manufacturer intentionally designing its clothes to last a very long time.

c. Apple introducing a new iPhone about a year after it unveiled the last version.
What type of group does the following definition refer to: A group persons compare themselves with in order to determine what is culturally normative and often try to “keep up with.”

Select one:
a. multicultural group
b. cool group
c. reference group
d. subcultural group
e. countercultural group

c. reference group
Smith and his co-authors squarely place the blame for emerging adults being captive to consumerism on the shoulders of the emerging adults alone.

Select one:
True
False

False
Culture includes all of the following aspects of a group EXCEPT:
Select one:
a. material goods
b. language
c. geographical boundaries
d. values
e. norms
c. geographical boundaries
The physical objects a society creates are known as:
Select one:
a. material culture
b. symbols
c. values
d. norms
e. cultural universals
a. material culture
The melting pot metaphor is used to describe multiculturalism.

Select one:
True
False

False
Assessing a society by its own cultural standards is known as:

Select one:
a. cultural universals
b. cultural turn
c. ethnocentrism
d. cultural relativism
e. sociobiology

d. cultural relativism
The act of turning media against itself by using the tools and techniques of the media to promote anti-consumerist messages, such as the actions of Adbusters, is called:

Select one:
a. hegemony.
b. reflection theory.
c. domination.
d. culture jamming.

d. culture jamming.
Etzioni argues consumerism should be replaced by which of the following:

Select one:
a. Contractarianism and Pacifism.
b. Marxism and Feminism.
c. Communitarianism and Transcendentalism
d. Communism and Fascism

c. Communitarianism and Transcendentalism
Two people walking on a city sidewalk quickly glance at each other and then look away as they pass. Erving Goffman called this type of interaction:

Select one:
a. social attention
b. uncivil behavior
c. civil inattention
d. sociological interaction
e. social recognition

c. civil inattention
Socially defined expectations of a person in a given status or social position are referred to as:

Select one:
a. social markers
b. status roles
c. social roles
d. social positioning
e. social statuses

c. social roles
Which type of deprivation involves lacking what culture says you should have?

Select one:
a. Relative
b. Total
c. Absolute
d. Partial

a. Relative
While the notion of sex refers to biological characteristics, the concept of gender refers to:

Select one:
a. psychological characteristics.
b. physical characteristics.
c. philosophical characteristics.
d. socially constructed characteristics.

d. socially constructed characteristics.
The expectations that Barbie dolls are for girls and G.I. Joe dolls are for boys are examples of:

Select one:
a. role conflicts.
b. status sets.
c. ascribed statuses.
d. gender roles.

d. gender roles.
The belief that God wants people to be materially rich, blesses spiritually faithful persons with money and material possessions, and that wealth is a sign of God’s favor is known as the_____.

Select one:
a. Greedy gospel
b. Ascetic gospel
c. Fun gospel
d. Prosperity gospel

d. Prosperity gospel
Christopher, Merete, and the other Tiny Housers featured in the movie Tiny desire to live out the American Dream.

Select one:
True
False

False
Obstacles to Tiny homes becoming more prevalent are city codes, zoning restrictions, and minimum home sizes.

Select one:
True
False

True
According to Goffman, the esteem in which an individual is held by others is known as:

Select one:
a. face.
b. the looking glass self.
c. prestige.
d. the ego.

a. face.
According to Goffman, we all try to make good impressions on others and we actively work to ensure that others see us in the best possible light. He calls this:

Select one:
a. controlling one’s environment
b. resocialization
c. impression management
d. the generalized other

c. impression management
According to Goffman, the main goal of impression management is to:

Select one:
a. fool others.
b. control our self.
c. save face.
d. create an alter ego.

c. save face.
Erving Goffman and other theorists who focus on social interaction often use the analogy of:
Select one:
a. swimming and pools
b. theater and drama
c. basketball and gyms
d. drinking and bars
e. football and stadiums
b. theater and drama
Erving Goffman describes the more private area of our lives as the backstage region.

Select one:
True
False

True
Which of the following conducted experiments and established a test that demonstrates the power of group conformity?

Select one:
a. Asch
b. Merton
c. Cooley
d. Simmel

a. Asch
Helga and Enid talk every day on the phone; send letters, e-mails, and gifts; and often chat online. Lately, they have been planning their next vacation together; despite their daily contact, they still miss each other. This is an example of which concept?

Select one:
a. focused interaction
b. impression management
c. compulsion of proximity
d. social status
e. social interaction

c. compulsion of proximity
Groups toward which one feels particular loyalty and respect-the groups to which “we” belong, are referred to as an:

Select one:
a. out-group
b. hot group
c. in-group
d. reference group
e. dyad
Feedback

c. in-group
What do we learn about students’ willingness to obey authority in the Stanley Milgram study?

Select one:
a. No one will obey orders that have negative consequences for other people.
b. All of the above.
c. People will follow an authority figure’s orders regardless of the pain they might be inflicting on others.
d. People will establish relationships among themselves, creating an in-group and an out-group.
e. People will organize and establish their own rules, eliminating the expert.

c. People will follow an authority figure’s orders regardless of the pain they might be inflicting on others.
Social capital is:

Select one:
a. the knowledge and skills individuals can build to make themselves competitive.
b. social class and cultural differences in types of knowledge that people can use to their advantage.
c. the center of socialization resources that a group of people has at its disposal.
d. the information, knowledge of people, and connections that help individuals enter, gain power in, or otherwise leverage social networks

d. the information, knowledge of people, and connections that help individuals enter, gain power in, or otherwise leverage social networks

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