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Research Methodology and Data Collection

Two specific research methods – the quantitative and the qualitative methods are looked at. These may be combined to give the ‘mixed-method’ approach, but they will be discussed separately in this section. Quantitative research reveals information that is subjective because the participants’ input serves as the primary source of information to the researcher (Creswell, 2001). In the present study quantitative data has been collected from secondary sources, mainly from the annual reports of the companies.

Qualitative research generates data that is based on the participants’ own categories of meaning, it is useful for studying a limited number of cases in depth, and tends to collect data in naturalistic settings (Creswell, 2001). Types of data collected generally involve the opinions and beliefs of the researcher and the subjects that are being examined, through the use of various instruments. Instruments used to collect the data include case studies, interviews, focus groups and observation (Creswell, 1994).

Creswell (2001) describes qualitative research as an exploratory focus, while quantitative research focuses on explanatory inquiry. In addition, with the qualitative approach the researcher is more subjective. In other words, qualitative research is used when the researcher’s inquiry is based on the participant’s opinion about a particular situation. In

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that method, the researcher wants to gather subjective data, therefore his personal knowledge and research methodology influences the research to some degree (Herndl and Nahrwold, 2000).

One of the most important outcomes with this method is that it highlights the researcher’s views during the research process. Quantitative research method adopted for the current study: To conduct a quantitative research, the current study has taken into account three logistics firms from each of the three countries chosen for the analysis purpose. The countries chosen for the analysis are USA, Germany and China. The firms which have been taken into consideration for USA are EA Hunter Transportation, Atlast Fulfillment and Logistics Dynamics (Top 50 Logistics Companies, n. d. ).

The German companies chosen to study in this paper are DVLB-Businessweb, Multiplex-Trading and Medason (List of companies in Germany, n. d. ). And finally the logistics firms of China are Mix Metals Industrial Co. Ltd. , Leo Industry Trading Company Ltd. and Intekcn Electronica Co. Ltd. (List of companies in China, n. d. ) Case Research and Analysis: EA Hunter Transportation is located in Cincinnati, Ohio, USA. It is a third party logistical provider. It provides transportation services, process consulting and incorporated technology solutions to small and large corporations in both USA and abroad.

The corporation makes itself accessible to its clients 24/7, 365 days a year. It also applies technology that offers its clients with real time data and complete visibility into each and every one of their consignments. It is one of only a few corporations laying the base to become a 4PL service contributor. 4PL’s bring together and centrally supervise the entire Supply Chain for a corporation or a particular industry (EA Hunter Transportation, n. d. ). AtLast Fulfillment, an USA based company, is a supplier of outsourcing solutions in case of warehousing and accomplishment.

Their services incorporate warehousing, inventory management, custom packing solutions, returns management, logistics management and real-time online reporting. It abridges the total fulfillment procedure by storing, picking, packing and shipping orders. Their centrally positioned secure facility in Denver, Colorado is fully provided with the latest expertise for computerized packing of batched orders and semi-computerized lines for pick-n-pack orders (AtLast Fulfillment Outsourcing Solutions, n. d.

). USA based Logistic Dynamics, Inc. (LDI) is a leading third party logistics supplier that concentrates in transportation management and freight broker associated services. Their clients enjoy a competitive advantage due to their sole combination of innovative know-how, industry expertise and their contemporary approach to real world logistics. The corporation functions through its ever developing agent network. Services incorporate full truckload, LTL and intermodal rail (Logistic Dynamics, n. d. ).

DVLB-Businessweb, a German company, takes over all actions of a commercial demonstration, such as consultation, explanation significant details with purchase and selling, harmonization of logistics and legal security concerning of all supplies and accomplishments. They have therefore their own office in the euro zone, with full functional variety and contemporary equipment (DVLB-Businessweb, n. d. ). Germany’s Multiplex-Trading company is a juvenile founded corporation with powerful, unwavering, successful and insatiable personalities.

They mainly auction sports apparel on ebay. They are searching for new consumptionally manufactured goods from any kind of diverse categories such as computers, software, jewelry, consumer goods, house wares, etc. (Multiplex-Trading, n. d. ). Medason GmbH was established in the year 1995 with a determined mission of bridging-up-the-expertise for their clients in products, services and expertise. It originally integrated as a trading corporation is now a deep-rooted and trusted name in offering solutions to their clients worldwide .

Their scope of activities have developed to for the punctual, dependable and cost competent sourcing, supply and support of New & Used Industrial Equipment, Agricultural Equipment, Textiles Equipment, Electric & Electronic Equipment, Medical Equipment, Medical Consumables & Devices , Replacement Spares of H/D Trucks, Chemicals, Reagents & Catalysts, Cement, Food & Beverages(Sugar , Wheat) and offer expert Investment & Technical/Project Consultancy on Renewable Energy ( Wind Energy, Solar Energy & Fuel Cell Energy).

The corporation is situated in Cologne, Germany with sales, procurement, warehousing, logistics and support centres in Kuwait (Middle East), Dubai & Ajman (UAE), Dmmam & Al-Kobar (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), Bombay, Bangalore, Coimbatore & Trivandrum (India). Medason functions through competent distributors for chosen products to make sure consumer support and fulfillment (Medason, n. d. ). Mix Metals Industrial Co.

Ltd, Chinese company, is a long occupied in the manufacture of Ferro-alloy and Non-ferrous metal alloy enterprises. They have plentiful materials and high expertise development ability to supply high competence alloy anode plate, cathode plate and Copper to Aluminum adapter bar use in Zinc electrolytsis, Silicon Manganese, Ferromanganese, Silicon Metal, and Nonferrous metal for instance Zinc, Stibium etc. (Mix Metals Industrial Co. ,Ltd. , n. d. ). Leo Industry Trading Co.

, Ltd has more than fifteen years experience in electric application industry. Their major products are breaker, relay, contactor, micro switch, LED light, marine electric appliance, medical equipment. They offer procurement, custom manufacturing and logistics service to the worldwide market. The company is supervised by a group with wide-ranging experience in the procurement, course development, production management, quality control and logistics.

The mishmash of professional management, admission to electric industry groups and low-cost production in China facilitates them to better serve their clients (Leo Industry Trading Co. , Ltd, n. d. ). INTEKCN, founded in 1997, is a focused and specialized Export-Oriented producer of computer hardware, peripherals and accessories, positioned in ShenZhen, China (INTEKCN, n. d. ). This company deals with logistics.

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