Rule Utilitarianism on Global Warming
Topic: Rule Utilitarianism on Global Warming
Thesis Statement: Rule Utilitarianism requires people to have moral responsibility to help reduce global warming.
Under the theory of utilitarianism, rule utilitarianism (RU), as a theory of action, views that the right action is based on the good consequences of a rule that is designed to maximize welfare or what is good which everyone should perform (Carson & Moser, 1997; Smith, 2001). If a rule-utilitarian thinks that right actions which are based on moral codes for the good of the society, everyone is, therefore, required to follow environmental law that aims to protect the lives of people, especially, in the future by taking care and preserving the natural resources.
Natural preservation is the key to help reduce global warming because it minimizes or discourages consumption or use of fossil fuels, oil, coal, nitrogen fertilizers, and other corbon emitting substances. In the nineteenth century, the United States have focused on romanticism and utilitarian as the underpinning approach to environmentalism regarding nature and science- and technology-based conservation of natural resources (Smith, 2001). Singer (2002) supports the view that utilitarianism, in addition to democratic and pragmatic theories, is a moral outlook that answers the questions about the morality of
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RU views that rights actions should produce positive outcomes like benefits or goodness for the society and it states that people have moral responsibility to help reduce global warming by acting in accordance to that law that promotes environmental protection and natural preservation for the common good. Utilitarian conservation is one way to regulate environmental practices while individuals can contribute in simple ways like using environment-friendly materials, becoming vegans or vegetarians, utilizing solar energy, etc.
Carson, T. L. & Moser, P. K. (eds.) (1997) Morality and the Good Life. New York: Oxford University Press. 379.
Easterbrook, G. (2002) Greatest Good for the Greatest Number: Philosopher Peter Singer Will Anger His Traditional Lefty Fans with a Clear-Eyed Account of the Benefits of Globalization. Washington Monthly 34(11) November 2002, 47+.
Frankena, W. (1973) . Ethics. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.. Prentice-Hall.
Singer, P. (2002) One World: The Ethics of Globalization. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Smith, D. S. (2001) Place-Based Environmentalism and Global Warming: Conceptual Contradictions of American Environmentalism. Ethics & International Affairs 15(2), 117+.