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Security Chapt 4

Which of the following is defined as a contract which prescribes the technical support or business parameters that a provider will bestow to its client?
service level agreement
HIPPA is a set of regulation federal regulations that define security guidelines that enforce the protection of what?
privacy
Which of the following policies specifically protects PII?
Privacy
Which of the following defines an acceptable use agreement?
An agreement which identifies the employees rights to use company property such as internet access an computer equipment for personal use
You have recently discovered that a network attack has compromised your database server. In the process customer credit card numbers might have been taken by an attacker. You have stopped the attack and put measures in place to prevent the same incident from occurring in the future. What else might you be legally required to do?
contact your customers and let them know of the security breach
When informing an employee they are being terminated what is the most important activity?
disabling their network access
What is the most effective means of improving or enforcing security in any environment?
user awareness training
You have a set of DVD-RW discs that have been used to archive files for your latest development project. You need to dispose of the discs. Which of the following methods should you use to best prevent extracting data from the discs?
shredding
Which of the following best describes the concept of due care or due diligence?
reasonable precautions based on industry best practices are utilized and documented
Which of the following is a high-level general statement about the role of security in the organization?
policy
Which of the following is a recommendation to use when a specific standard or procedure does not exist ?
guideline
Which of the following is the best protection against security violations?
defense in depth
Who has the responsibility for the development of security policy?
senior management
What is the primary purpose of source code escrow?
to obtain change rights over software after the vendor goes out of business
What is the primary purpose of change control?
prevent unmanaged change
1. Make sure that remote access connections are secure
2. Create a list of all protocols being used on the network
3. Identify choke points on the network
4. Use timestamps on all documents
5. Create a list of all devices
1. reach your network
2. map your network
3. protect your network
4. prepare to document
5. map your network
1. Remove insecure protocols
2. implement the principle of least privilege
3. segregate and isolate networks
4. establish an update management process
5. establish a baseline for all systems
1.reach your network
2. control your network
3. protect your network
4. manage your network
5. manage your network
You have recently been hired as a new network administrator for a startup company. The company’s network was implemented prior to your arrival. One of the first tasks you need to complete in your new position is to develop a manageable network plan for the network. You’ve already completed the 1st and 2nd milestones where documentation procedures were identified and the network was mapped. You are now working on 3rd milestones where you must identify ways to protect the network. Which tasks should you complete as part of this milestone?
physically secure high value systems
identify and document each user on the network
When recovery is being performed due to a disaster, which services are to be stabilized first?
mission critical
In business continuity planning what is the primary focus of the scope?
business processes
What is the primary goal of business continuity planning?
Maintaining business operations with reduced or restricted infrastructure capabilities or resources
The company is implementing a Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP) and a Business Continuity Plan (BCP). It is time for the control tests and the company would like to perform compliance testing. Which of the following best describes compliance testing?
The testing of control procedures to see if they are working as expected and are being implemented in accordance with management policies
When is the BCP design and development actually completed?
never
As a BCP or DRP plan evolves over time what is the most important task to perform when rolling out a new version of the plan?
collect and destroy all old plan copies
You are a database administrator and the first responder for database attacks. You have decided to test one of your current Business Continuity Plan (BCP) with two other database professionals. Which type of BCP test is this considered?
Tabletop exercise
Which of the following is not a valid response to a risk discovered during a risk analysis?
Denial
Which of the following best defines Single Loss Expectancy (SLE) ?
The total monetary loss associated with a single occurrence of a threat.
What is the average number of times that a specific risk is likely to be realized?
Annualized rate of occurrence
When analyzing assets which analysis method assigns financial values to assets?
Quantitative
Which of the following statements is true in regards to risk analysis?
Annualize Rate of Occurrence (ARO) identifies how often in a single year the successful threat attack will occur

Don’t implement a countermeasure if the cost is greater than loss

When would choosing to do nothing about an identified risk acceptable?
When the cost of protecting the asset is greater than potential lost
If an organization shows sufficient due care, which burden is eliminated in the event of a security breach?
Negligence
You have conducted a risk analysis to protect a key company asset. You identify the following areas:

Asset value= 400
Exposure Factor=75
Annualized Rate of occurrences = .25

What is the Annualized Loss Expectancy? (ALE)

75
When conducting a risk assessment how is the Annualized Rate of Occurrence (ARO) calculated?
Through historical data provided by insurance companies and crime statistics
Purchasing insurance is what type of response to risk?
Transference
To determine the value of the company assets an anonymous survey was used to collect the opinions of all senior and mid-level managers. Which asset valuation method was used?
Delphi method
You have conducted a risk analysis to protect a key company asset. You identify the following areas:
Annual Value =400
Exposure Factor=75
Annualized Rate of Occurrence= .25

What is the single loss expectancy (SLE)?

300
You have conducted a risk analysis to protect a key company asset. You identify the following areas:
Annual Value =400
Exposure Factor=75
Annualized Rate of Occurrence= .25

Countermeasure A has a cost of 320 and will protect the asset for 4 years. Countermeasure B has an annual cost of 85. An insurance policy to protect the asset has an annual premium of 90. What should you do?

Accept the risk or find another countermeasure
Which type of data loss prevention system is usually installed near the network perimeter to detect sensitive data that is being transmitted in violation of organizational security policies?
Network DLP
You are the network admin over 2 Windows based sites. You have almost 2000 employees with workstations and 64 servers that need to be more secure. You have decided to implement a Data Loss Prevention (DLP) solution to detect and stop breaches of sensitive data. You decide to implement e-mail and instant messaging communication controls so that messages that violate your organizations security policy are blocked at the workstation before being transmitted on the network. Which DLP solution should you implement?
Endpoint DLP
After an intrusion has occurred and the intruder has been removed from the system, which of the following is the next best step or action to take ?
Back up all logs and audits regarding the incident
Which of the following is an important aspect of evidence gathering?
backing up all logs and files and audit trails
Which method can be used to verify that a bit-level image copy of the hard drive is an exact clone of the original hard drive collected as evidence?
Hashing
The immediate preservation of evidence is paramount when conducting a forensic analysis. Which of the following actions is most likely to destroy critical evidence?
Rebooting the system
How can a criminal investigator ensure the integrity of a removable media device found while collecting evidence?
create a checksum using the hashing algorithm
You manage a network for your company. You have recently discovered information on a computer hard drive that might indicate evidence of illegal activity. You want to perform forensic activities on the disk to see what kind of info it contains. What should you do first?
make a bit level copy of the disk
During a recent site survey you find a rogue wireless access pt in your network. Which of the following actions should you take first to protect your network while still trying to preserve evidence ?
Disconnect the access point from the network
You have discovered a computer that is connected to your network that was used for an attack. You have disconnected the computer from the network to isolate it from the network and stop the attack. What should you do next ?
perform a memory dump
When conducting a forensic investigation and assuming that the attack has been stopped which of the following actions should you perform first?
document whats on the screen
Arrange the computer components listed on the left in order decreasing volatility on the right
CPU Registers & Caches System Ram
Paging File hard disk
File system backup on an external USB drive
What is the best definition of a security incident?
Violation of security policy
When conducting a forensic investigation which of the following initial actions is appropriate for preserving evidence?
Document whats on the screen
What is the most important element related to evidence in addition to evidence itself ?
chain of custody document
The chain of custody is used for what purpose?
Listing people coming into contact with evidence
You have been asked to draft a document related to evidence gathering that contains details about personnel in possession and control of evidence from the time of discover up through the time of presentation in court. What type of document is this?
Chain of custody
What is the primary countermeasure to social engineering ?
awareness
How can an organization help prevent social engineering attacks?
Publish and enforce clearly written security policies
Educate employees on the risks and countermeasures
Which of the following is a form of attack that tricks victims into providing confidential info such as identity info or logon credentials through email or websites that impersonate an online entity that the victim trusts such as a financial institution or a well known ecommerce site?
Phishing
1. Phishing
2. Whaling
3. Spear Phishing
4. Dumpster Diving
5. Piggybacking
6.Vishing
1. an attacker sends an email pretending to be from a trusted organization asking users to access a website to verify personal info
2.An attacker gathers personal info about the target individual who is a CEO
3.An attacker gathers personal info about the target individual in an organization
4. An attacker searches through an organizations trash looking for sensitive info
5. An attacker enters a secured building by following an authorized employee through a secure door without providing identification
6. An attacker uses a telephone to convince target individuals to reveal their credit card info
Which of the following is a common form of social engineering attacks ?
Hoax virus info emails
You have just received a generic looking email that is addressed as coming from an admin of your company. The email says that as part of a system upgrade you are to go to a web site and enter your username and password at a new website so you can manage your email and spam using the new service ? What should you do?
verify the email was sent by the admin and that the new service is legit
Dumpster diving is a low tech means of gathering info that may be useful in gaining unauthorized access or as a starting pt for more advanced attacks. How can a company reduce the risk associated with dumpster diving?
establish and enforce a document destruction policy
What is the primary difference between impersonation and masquerading?
one is more active the other is more passive
Which of the following social engineering attacks uses Voice over IP (VOIP) to gain sensitive info?
Vishing
A senior executive reports she received an email concerning a sensitive internal project that is behind production. The email is sent from someone she doesn’t know and he is asking for immediate clarification on several of the projects details so the project can get back on schedule. Which type of attack best describes the scenario?
Whaling
The receptionist received a phone call from an individual claiming to be a partner in a high level project and requesting sensitive info. The individual is engaging in which type of social engineering attack?
Authority
By definition which type of social engineering attack uses of a fictions scenario to persuade someone to give info for which they are not authorized?
Pretexting
Which type of social engineering attack uses peer pressure to persuade someone to help an attacker?
social validation
You have just received an email message that indicates as new serious malicious code threat is ravaging the internet. The message contains detailed info about the threat its source code and the damage it can inflict. The message states that you can easily detect whether or not you have already been a victim of this threat by prescence of three files in the windowssystems32 folder. As a countermeasure the message suggests that you delete these 3 files from your system to prevent further spread of the threat. What should your first action based on this message be?
verify the info on well known malicious code threat management web sites
Dictionary attacks are often more successful when performed after what reconnaissance action?
social engineering
What is the following term used to describe a level of confidence that the evaluation methods were thorough and complete so that security designation can be trusted?
Assurance
Which of the following defines system high mode?
all systems and peripherals within a system are classified and then protected according to the level of classification assigned to the most highly classified object which resides on the system
Which of the following is not used by the reference monitor to determine levels of access?
ring architecture
Which of the following defines layering in regards to system access control ?
various tasks are divided into hierarchal manner to provide security
Which of the following terms restricts the ability of a program to read and write to memory according to permissions or access level?
confinement
Who is assigned the task of judging security of a system or a network and granting approval to operate ?
designated approving authority
A process performed in a controlled environment by a third party which verifies that an IS meets a specific set of security standards before being granted approval to operate is known as ?
accreditation
Which is the operating mode of a system that is deployed in such a way so that it operates at a single level of classification and all users who can access the system all have that same specific clearance level as well as all of the need to know over all the data on the system?
dedicated
Which of the following components of the Common Criteria (CC) evaluation system is a document written by a user or community that identifies the security requirements for a specific purpose?
protection profile
Which of the following terms describes the product that is evaluated against security requirements in the Common Criteria (CC) evaluation system?
Target of evaluation (TOE)
Which of the following best describes the Security Target (ST) in the common criteria (CC) evaluation system?
The ST is a document that describes the security properties of a security product
Which of the following is a representative example of an assigned level of a system that was judged through Common Criteria?
EAL5
What is another name for a backdoor that was left in a product by the manufacturer by accident ?
Maintenance Hook
Which of the following is an action which must take place during the release stage of the SLDC?
vendors develop and release patches in response to exploited vulnerabilities that have not been discovered
Which of the following development modes is a method used by programmers while writing programs that allows for optimal control over coherence security accuracy and comprehensibility?
structured programming
How often should change management be implemented?
any time a production system is altered
In which phase of the system life cycle is security integrated into the product?
project initiation
In which phase of the system life cycle is software testing performed?
software development
What is the primary purpose of imposing software lifecycle management concepts?
increase the quality of software
What is the primary purpose of forcing employees to take mandatory one week minimum vacations every year?
to check for evidence of fraud
What is the primary means by which supervisors can determine whether or not employees are complying with the organizations security policy?
auditing
A code of ethics provides for all but which of the following?
clearly defines courses of action to take when a complex issue is encountered
Which of the following are typically associated with human resources security policies?
background checks
termination
Over the last month you have noticed a significant increase in the occurrence of inappropriate activities performed by employees. What is the best first response to take in order to improve or maintain the security level of the environment?
Improve and hold new awareness sessions
What is the primary purpose of forcing employees to take mandatory one week minimum vacations every year?
To check their evidence of fraud
What is the primary means by which supervisors can determine whether or not employees are complying with the organizations security policy?
Auditing
As you are helping a user with a computer problem you notice that she has written her password on a note stuck to her computer monitor. You check the password policy of your company and find that the following settings are currently required:

Minimum password length=10
Minimum password age=4
Maximum password age=30
Password History = 6
Require complex passwords that include numbers and symbols
Account lockout clipping level=3

Which of the following is the best action to make remembering passwords easier so that she no longer has to write her password down?

Implement end user training
You have installed anti-virus software on computers in your business. Within a few days however you notice one computer has a virus. When you questions the user she says she did install some software a few days ago but it was supposed to be a file compression utility. She admits she did not scan a file before running it. What should you add to your security measures to help prevent this from happening again?
User awareness training
Which of the following defines two-man control?
certain tasks should dual – custody in nature to prevent a security breach
Which of the following is a legal contract between the organization and the employee that specifies the employees is not to disclose the organizations confidential organization?
non-disclosure agreement
Your company security policy requires separation of duties for all network security matters. Which of the following scenarios best describes this concept?
The system admin configures the remote access privileges and the security officer reviews and activates each account.
Which of the following is not a protection against collision?
cross training
Which of the following is not an element of termination process?
Dissolution of the NDA
When informing an employee that they are being terminated, what is the most important activity?
Disabling their network access
The best way to initiate solid administrative control over an organizations employees is to have what element in place?
distinct job descriptions
1. Conduct role based training
2. Verify an individual’s job history
3. Show individuals how to protect sensitive info
4. Disable a users account
5. Remind individuals of NDA agreements
6.Obtain an individuals credit history
1. Employment
2. Pre-Employment
3. Employment
4. Termination
5. Termination
6. Pre-Employment
1. Specifies exactly which services will performed by each party
2. Creates an agreement with a vendor to provide services on an ongoing basis
3. Provides a summary of which party is responsible performing specific tasks
4. Documents how the networks will be connected
5. Specifies a preset discounted pricing structure
1. SLA
2. BPO
3. MOU
4. ISA
5.SLA
6. BPO
Your organization entered into an Interoperability Agreement (IA) with another organization a year ago. As part of the agreement a federated trust was established between your domain and the partner domain. The partnership has been ongoing operations phase for almost nine months now. As a security administrator which tasks should you complete during this phase ?
Conduct periodic vulnerability assessments

Verify compliance with the IA accounts

Your organization is in the process of negotiating an Interoperability Agreement (IA) with another organization. As part of your agreement the partner organization purposes that a federated trust be established between your domain and their domain. This configuration will allow users in their domain to access resources in your domain and vice versa. As a security administrator which tasks should you complete during this phase?
Identify how data ownership will be determined

Identify how data will be shared

1. Communicate vulnerability assessment findings with the other party
2. Disable VPN configurations that allow partner access to your network
3. Compare your organizations security policies against other partner policies
4. Disable the domain trust relationship between networks
5. Identify how privacy will be protected
6. Draft an ISA
7. Conduct regular security audits
1. Ongoing operations
2. off boarding
3. onboarding
4. off boarding
5. onboarding
6. onboarding
7. ongoing operations

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