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TestOut Quiz Questions 2

Which form of access control enforces security based on user identities and allows individual users to define access controls over owned resources?
DAC
Which type of access control focuses on assigning privileges based on security clearance and data sensitivity?
MAC
In which form of access control environment is access controlled by rules rather than by identity?
MAC
You have implemented an access control method that allows only users who are managers to access specific data. Which type of access control model is used?
RBAC
You have a system that allows the owner of a file to identify users and their permissions to the file. Which type of access control model is implemented?
DAC
Which of the following is the term for the process of validating a subject’s identity?
Authentication
Which of the following is used for identification?
Username
A remote access user needs to gain access to resources on the server. Which of the processes are performed by the remote access server to control access to resources?
Authentication and authorization
Which of the following defines an object as used in access control?
Data, applications, systems, networks, and physical space.
Which access control model manages rights and permissions based on job descriptions and responsibilities?
Role Based Access Control (RBAC)
Which is the star property of Bell-LaPadula?
No write down
The Clark-Wilson model is primarily based on?
Controlled intermediary access applications
The Brewer-Nash model is designed primarily to prevent?
Conflicts of interest
Discretionary Access Control (DAC) manages access to resources using what primary element or aspect?
Identity
What form of access control is based on job descriptions?
Role-based access control (RBAC)
Which of the following authentication methods uses tickets to provide single sign-on?
Kerberos
Which of the following is the strongest form of multi-factor authentication?
A password, a biometric scan, and a token device
Which of the following advantages can Single Sign-On (SSO) provide? (Select two.)
The elimination of multiple user accounts and passwords for an individual
Access to all authorized resources with a single instance of authentication
Which of the following is an example of two-factor authentication?
A token device and a PIN
Which of the following is an example of three-factor authentication?
Token device, keystroke analysis, cognitive question
Which of the following are examples of Type II authentication credentials? (Select two.)
Smart card
Photo ID
Which of the following terms is used to describe an event in which a person is denied access to a system when they should be allowed to enter?
False negative
Which of the following is a hardware device that contains identification information and which can be used to control building access or computer logon?
Smart card
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

PIN

Something you know
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Smart card

Something you have
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Password

Something you know
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Retina scan

Something you are
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Fingerprint scan

Something you are
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Hardware token

Something you have
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

User name

Something you know
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Voice recognition

Something you are
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Wi-Fi triangulation

Somewhere you are
Match the authentication factor types on the left with the appropriate authentication factor on the right. Each authentication factor type can be used more than once.

Typing behaviors

Something you do
Which of the following defines the crossover rate for evaluating biometric systems?
The point where the number of false positives matches the number of false negatives in a biometric system.
Which of the following are examples of single sign-on authentication solutions? (Select two.)
SESAME
Kerberos
Which of the following is stronger than any biometric authentication factor?
A two-factor authentication
A device which is synchronized to an authentication server uses which type of authentication?
Synchronous token
The mathematical algorithm used by HMAC-based One-Time Passwords (HOTP) relies on two types of information to generate a new password based on the previously generated password.
Which information is used to generate the new password? (Select two.)
Counter
Shared secret
The mathematical algorithm used to generate Time-based One-Time Passwords (TOTP) uses a shared secret and a counter to generate unique, one-time passwords. Which event causes the counter to increment when creating TOTP passwords?
The passage of time
Which of the following information is typically not included in an access token?
User account password
Marcus White has just been promoted to a manager. To give him access to the files that he needs, you make his user account a member of the Managers group which has access to a special shared folder.
Later that afternoon, Marcus tells you that he is still unable to access the files reserved for the Managers group. What should you do?
Have Marcus log off and log back on
Which of the following terms describes the component that is generated following authentication and which is used to gain access to resources following logon?
Access token
Which security mechanism uses a unique list for each object embedded directly in the object itself that defines which subjects have access to certain objects and the level or type of access allowed?
User ACL
Which type of media preparation is sufficient for media that will be reused in a different security context within your organization?
Sanitization
Which of the following is an example of privilege escalation?
Creeping privileges
Which security principle prevents any one administrator from having sufficient access to compromise the security of the overall IT solution?
Separation of duties
By assigning access permissions so that users can only access those resources which are required to accomplish their specific work tasks, you would be in compliance with?
Principle of least privilege
An access control list (ACL) contains a list of users and allowed permissions. What is it called if the ACL automatically prevents access to anyone not on the list?
Implicit deny
You want to make sure that any reimbursement checks issued by your company cannot be issued by a single person. Which principle should you implement to accomplish this goal?
Separation of duties
You are concerned that the accountant in your organization might have the chance to modify the books and steal from the company. You want to periodically have another person take over all accounting responsibilities to catch any irregularities.
Which solution should you implement?
Job rotation
You want to implement an access control list where only the users you specifically authorize have access to the resource. Anyone not on the list should be prevented from having access.
Which of the following will the access list use?
Explicit allow, implicit deny
Which of the following principles is implemented in a mandatory access control model to determine access to an object using classification levels?
Need to know
What is the primary purpose of separation of duties?
Prevent conflicts of interest
Separation of duties is an example of which type of access control?
Preventive
Need to know is required to access which types of resources?
Compartmentalized resources
Which of the following is an example of a decentralized privilege management solution?
Workgroup
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Holds a copy of the Active Directory database
Domain Controller
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Manages access for a workstation
Computer Object
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.

Manages access for an employee

User Object
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.

Can be created to logically organize network resources

Organizational Unit
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Cannot be moved, renamed, or deleted
Generic Container
Match the Active Directory component on the left with the appropriate description on the right. Each component may be used once, more than once, or not at all.

Defines a collection of network resources that share a common directory database

Domain
Click on the object in the TESTOUTDEMO.com Active Directory domain that is used to manage desktop workstation access.
CORPWS7
What should be done to a user account if the user goes on an extended vacation?
Disable the account
Tom Plask’s user account has been locked because he entered too many incorrect passwords. You need to unlock the account.
Click the tab in the properties of the Tom Plask user object you would use to unlock his account.
To unlock an account, go to the Account tab in the account object’s Properties dialog, and then click Unlock Account.
Tom Plask was recently transferred to the Technical Support department. He now needs access to the network resources used by Support employees.
To do this, you need to add Tom Plask’s user account to the Support group in the Active Directory domain.
Click the tab in the properties of the Tom Plask user object you would use to accomplish this.
The Member of tab in the properties of a user account allows an administrator to add or remove a user from an Active Directory group. Once a member of a group, the user is automatically granted access to the network resources that are granted to the group.
You are creating a new Active Directory domain user account for the Robert Tracy user account. During the account setup process, you assigned a password to the new account.
However, you know that for security reasons the system administrator should not know any user’s password. Only the user should know his or her own password—no one else.
Click the option you would use in the New Object- User dialog to remedy this situation
When creating a new user account or resetting a forgotten password, a common practice is to reset the user account password, and then select User must change password at next logon. This forces the user to reset the password immediately following logon, ensuring the user is the only person who knows the password.
You are the network administrator in a small nonprofit organization. Currently, an employee named Craig Jenkins handles all help desk calls for the organization.
In recent months, the volume of help desk calls has exceeded what Craig can manage alone, so an additional help desk employee has been hired to carry some of the load.
Currently, permissions to network resources are assigned directly to Craig’s user object. Because the new employee needs exactly the same level of access, you decide to simply copy Craig’s Active Directory domain user object and rename it with the new employee’s name.
Will this strategy work?
No, permissions are not copied when a user account is copied.
What does a remote access server use for authorization?
Remote access policies
Which of the following is the best example of remote access authentication?
A user establishes a dialup connection to a server to gain access to shared resources
Which of the following is a feature of MS-CHAP v2 that is not included in CHAP?
Mutual authentication
CHAP performs which of the following security functions?
Periodically verifies the identity of a peer using a three-way handshake
Which of the following authentication protocols transmits passwords in clear text, and is therefore considered too insecure for modern networks?
PAP
Which remote access authentication protocol periodically and transparently re-authenticates during a logon session by default?
CHAP
Which of the following authentication protocols uses a three-way handshake to authenticate users to the network? (Choose two.)
CHAP
MS-CHAP
When using Kerberos authentication, which of the following terms is used to describe the token that verifies the identity of the user to the target system?
Ticket
Which of the following are required when implementing Kerberos for authentication and authorization? (Select two.)
Ticket granting server
Time synchronization
Which of the following are requirements to deploy Kerberos on a network? (Select two.)
A centralized database of users and passwords
Time synchronization between devices
Which ports does LDAP use by default? (Select two.)
636
389
You want to deploy SSL to protect authentication traffic with your LDAP-based directory service. Which port would this use?
636
Your LDAP directory services solution uses simple authentication. What should you always do when using simple authentication?
Use SSL.
You want to use Kerberos to protect LDAP authentication. Which authentication mode should you choose?
SASL
A user has just authenticated using Kerberos. What object is issued to the user immediately following logon?
Ticket granting ticket
Which of the following protocols uses port 88?
Kerberos
Which of the following authentication mechanisms is designed to protect a 9-character password from attacks by hashing the first seven characters into a single hash and then hashing the remaining two characters into another separate hash?
LANMAN
What is mutual authentication?
A process by which each party in an online communication verifies the identity of the other party
A manager has told you she is concerned about her employees writing their passwords for Web sites, network files, and database resources on sticky notes. Your office runs exclusively in a Windows environment.
Which tool could be used to prevent this?
Credential Manager
KWalletManager is a Linux-based credential management system that stores encrypted account credentials for network resources.
Which encryption methods can KWalletManager use to secure account credentials? (Select two.)
Blowfish
GPG
You want to protect the authentication credentials you use to connect to the LAB server in your network by copying them to a USB drive.
Click the option you would use in Credential Manager to do this.
Within Credential Manager, use the Back up Credentials and Restore Credentials links to back up and restore credentials. It is recommended that you back up credentials to a removable device, such as a USB flash drive, to protect them from a hard disk crash on the local system.
In an Identity Management System, what is the function of the Authoritative Source?
Specify the owner of a data item.
In an Identity Management System, what is the function of the Identity Vault?
Ensure that each employee has the appropriate level of access in each system.
You are the network administrator for a small company. Your organization currently uses the following server systems:
• A Windows server that functions as a domain controller and a file server.
• A Novell Open Enterprise Server that functions as a GroupWise e-mail server.
• A Linux server that hosts your organization’s NoSQL database server that is used for big data analysis.
Because each of these systems uses its own unique set of authentication credentials, you must spend a considerable amount of time each week keeping user account information updated on each system. In addition, if a user changes his or her password on one system, it is not updated for the user’s accounts on the other two systems.
Which should you do? (Select two. Each response is a part of the complete solution.)
Implement password synchronization.
Implement an Identity Vault.
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Synchronizes user creation across all systems
Automated Provisioning
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Allows users to manage their passwords throughout all systems
Password Synchronization
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Acts as the authoritative source for user credentials for each connected system
Identity Vault
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Serves as repository for the identity of each user
Identity Vault
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Defines a permission a user has to access resources in connected systems
Entitlement
Match each Identity Management (IDM) term on the left with the corresponding description on the right. Each term may be used once, more than once, or not at all.
Removes a user from all systems and revokes all rights
Automated De-provisioning

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