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Texas Government: Unit 1 Chapter 19

Political culture is a term used to describe
A. the amount of partisan bickering in a state.
B. the broadly shared values and beliefs about government.
C. the degree of public support for the arts.
D. the level of education and learning in a particular state.
E. how liberal or conservative a state is.
B. the broadly shared values and beliefs about government.
Which of the following contributed most to the increase in the population of Texas?
A. a natural increase of births, in proportion to deaths.
B. domestic migration from other states.
C. domestic migration and international immigration contributed equally
D. international immigration
E. people moving to Texas from Louisiana after Hurricane Katrina.
A. a natural increase of births in proportion to deaths.
Which racial or ethnic group in Texas is concentrated in East Texas?
A. Caucasian Americans
B. German Americans
C. Asian Americans
D. African Americans
E. Hispanics
D. African Americans
____ was the chief economic product of Texas during the early twentieth century.
A. Steel
B. Oil
C. Cattle
D. Manufacturing
E. Cotton
B. Oil
By ____, all major statewide elected offices in Texas were controlled by Republicans.
A. 1992
B. 2002
C. 1988
D. 1996
E. 1980
B. 2002
Which of the following political groups have traditionally had the least influence on Texas politics?
A. Mexican American interest groups.
B. business groups
C. farmers
D. trial lawyers
E. labor unions
E. labor unions
Historically, the economy of Fort Worth has been associated with what industry?
A. computer technology
B. cattle
C. cotton
D. shipping
E. oil
B. cattle
Dallas developed in the late nineteenth century as a result of
A. the intersection of two railroad lines.
B. the easy access to the Rio Grande River.
C. becoming the cattle-trading hub for the state.
D. the development of the Port of Dallas.
E. the development of a large international airport.
A. the intersection of two railroad lines.
Which city is located in the Great Plains region of Texas?
A. Austin
B. San Antonio
C. Lubbock
D. Fort Worth
E. El Paso
C. Lubbock
The term creative destruction refers to the process by which
A. the capitalist system undergoes periodic waves of transformation caused by new technologies.
B. power shifts from one political party to another.
C. governments must occasionally overtax certain businesses that are no longer performing well.
D. a state;s political culture undergoes occasional changes as a result of demographic upheavals.
E. governments replace one constitutional system with another.
A. the capitalist system undergoes periodic waves of transformation caused by new technologies.
A belief that government is designed to promote the public good describes the ___ political culture.
A. constitutionalistic
B. traditionalistic
C. moralistic
D. provincialistic
E. individualistic
C. moralistic
Technological change in Texas is best evidenced by the
A. Civil War’s positive effect on the Texas economy.
B. development of a high-tech industry after a slump in oil prices.
C. continued reliance on oil production
D. boom-and-bust cycle of the oil industry.
continued reliance on ranching.
B. development of a high-tech industry after a slump in oil prices.
The economy of San Antonio rests on all of the following except
A. national military bases.
B. tourism.
C. the high-tech industry.
D. a large medical research complex
E. educational institutions
C. the high-tech industry.
In 1944, the Supreme Court case, Smith v. Allwright ended
A. all Jim Crow laws.
B. white primaries.
C. black codes.
D. school segregation
E. poll taxes.
B. white primaries
When in Texas history did cattle become big business?
A. after the Civil War
B. between the 1930s and the 1950s
C. during the Republic
D. during Spanish rule
E. during the period of Mexican rule.
A. after the Civil War
____ is the system, common in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, by which farmers would be lent land and equipment in exchange for part of the profits.
A. Sharecropping
B. Indentured servitude
C. Free ranging
D. Provincialism
E. Wildcatting
A. Sharecropping
Which of the following has traditionally dominated the political culture of Texas?
A. environmentalist groups
B. business interests
C. lawyers
D. labor unions
E. the Catholic Church
B. business interests
Approximately what percentage of the current population of Texas is Hispanic?
A. 35 percent
B. 50 percent
C. 65 percent
D. 10 percent
E. 45 percent
A. 35 percent
Houston is found in Texas
A. Panhandle
B. Basin and Range Province.
C. interior lowlands.
D. Gulf Costal Plains
E. Great Plains
D. Gulf Costal Plains
What as Stephen F. Austin’s role in the development of Texas?
A. He was one of Texas’s most successful cattle barons.
B. He established the first free-range cattle ranch.
C. He designed the city that bears his name.
D. He was an important early oil entrepreneur.
E. He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas.
E. He worked with the Spanish government to bring American settlers into Texas.
Which event occurred at Spindletop, Texas?
A. The state’s worst tornado disaster occurred.
B. The last battle for Texas independence was fought.
C. Oil was discovered.
D. The first free-range ranch in Texas was established.
E. The state’s worst race riots occurred.
C. Oil was discovered.
Which of the following does not reflect one of the historic characteristics that make up Texas political culture?
A. the dominance of the Democratic Party
B. the dominance of business interests
C. provincialism
D. a preference for limited government
E. the strong role of labor unions
E. the strong role of labor unions
Which of the following would best characterize a traditionalistic individualistic political culture?
A. high taxes and government run by elites
B. government policies designed to benefit the political elite
C. encouragement of active participation in government
D. low taxes and deference to business leaders
E. government policies that promote traditional social morals
D. low taxes and deference to business leaders
Which of the following did not contribute to the spread of cattle ranching in the nineteenth century?
A. the development of large and economically diverse ranches
B. the invention of barbed wire
C. the development of railroads
D. the rationalization of cattle-raising techniques
E. the anti-grazing position of farm unions
E. the anti-grazing position of farm unions
Which statement regarding urbanization in Texas is incorrect?
A. the origins of cities in Texas are found in Native American civilizations.
B. Historically, Texas urbanization depended on the spread of the railroads.
C. Urban development started in east Texas and spread west.
D. In the 1850s, only about 4 percent of Texans lived in urban areas.
E. More than 85 percent of Texans now live in urban areas.
A. the origins of cities in Texans are found in Native American civilizations.

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