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Texas GOVT 2306 Chapter Ten

What is the primary difference between a membership organization and a nonmembership organization?
broad-based citizen support
Peak business associations are interest groups that represent
statewide business interests.
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), the AARP, and MoveOn.org are all examples of what interest group type?
public interest
Imagine you own a small company and you form an interest group to lobby your elected representatives. What category of interest group organization would yours fall under?
nonmembership organization
Which of the following is a SLIG?
Texas Municipal League
Attempts to discuss topics of interest with a member of the legislature in an ambush-style meeting in the public hallways outside a legislative chamber is the original form of what’s still known as
lobbying
Which of the following is one of the five types of lobbyist?
contract
in-house
governmental
All these answers are correct.
Trying to influence the outcome of elections is known as
electioneering
The process of electioneering begins with
candidate recruitment.
The goal of ________ is to create a favorable public image for the group.
public relations activities
Inviting public officials to address organizational meetings is one technique to raise
a group’s image in the eyes of these officials.
Texas required registration of interest groups for the first time in ________.
1907
According to Chapter 305 of the current Government Code, an individual “who crosses either a compensation or expenditure threshold” while engaged in lobbying efforts
must register as a lobbyist with the Texas Ethics Commission.
When are PACs prohibited from making contributions to members of the Texas state legislature?
the period beginning 30 days before and ending 30 days after the regular session
The situation of individuals receiving the benefits of collective action without contributing is known as
the “free-rider problem”.
Commercial shrimp fishermen are more than likely limited in influence because of lack of
geographic distribution.
The Coalition of Health Insurance Choice (CHIC) mobilized opposition to
President Clinton’s health care proposal.
When the economy of a state grows more diverse,
no single industry or group can dominate.
Which of the following can help offset the power of interest groups?
economic diversity
competitive political parties
legislative professionalism
All these answers are correct.
All of the following contribute to legislative professionalism EXCEPT
limited sessions.
When the relationship between a state agency and an interest group becomes very close, it is referred to as
capture
The process in which policy is created through the combined efforts of interest groups, the state agency, and the legislative committee is called
the “Iron Triangle”.
The National Rifle Association (NRA), the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD), and the National Education Association (NEA) are all examples of groups that are
active on both the state and national levels.
As an interest group, what is the Texas Municipal League’s strength?
organization

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