The Coca Cola Company Financial Statement Analysis Essay
The Coca Cola Company
One Coca Cola Plaza Atlanta, GA 30313
Exchange/symbol: NYSE / KO
Total shares outstanding: 99.87 billion
The purpose of this report is to analyze and the financial position and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the financial operations of The Coca Cola Company, one of the largest manufacturers, distributors, and marketers of non alcoholic soft drinks, concentrates and syrups. The primary activity is selling concentrates and syrups to bottling partners who convert these to finished, canned and/or bottled, soft drink products for retail and wholesale distribution.
The company owns more than 450 brands including Sprite, Fanta, and Dasani, has 30 manufacturing facilities, and maintains majority ownership in 136 partner facilities that operate in more than 200 countries.
Financial Overview 2008
Sales $31.9 billion
Income $ 5.8 billion
Market capitalization $99.87 billion
Earnings per share (EPS) $ 2.49
Revenue per share $13.67
Book value per share $ 8.58
Key Financial Ratios
Coca Cola Company
Industry Average 1
Current liabilities/net worth
Total liabilities/net worth
Fixed assets/net worth
Sales/net working capital
Total debt/total assets
Total debt/total equity
EBIT/interest (times interest)
Gross profit margin(gross profit/sales)
Net profit margin (net income/sales)
Return on sales
Return on assets (ROI)
Return on net worth (ROE)
1 Industry averages taken from MSN Money and Dun & Bradstreet
Analysis of Financial Ratios
Based on the current ratio Coca Cola must convert each dollar of current assets into at least $1.06 in cash in order to meet its obligations. The current sales level provides $2.63 for each dollar of assets in service. The current ratio, excluding inventory, is in line with the industry average. Current liabilities in relation to inventory and net worth comprise a higher proportion compared to industry averages. The average collection period and receivables-to-sales are in line with industry averages. However, most of Coca Cola’s efficiency ratios are cause for concern. The level of accounts payables to sales is more than twice the industry average. The company’s current liabilities exceed the current assets by $81.2 billion. Sales to net working capital is negative and raises issues about the company’s working capital management policies and represents the company’s primary weakness. Debt represents the largest factor affecting shareholder equity. The company’s profitability ratios all exceed industry averages which is it’s primary strength.
It is important to note the structure of the company’s asset base. Equity investments in bottling enterprises represent 14.3% of total assets. Intangible assets including trademarks and goodwill represent more than 35% of total assets. There is no need to change these factors because these investments with manufacturing and marketing partners combined with patents, trademarks, and name recognition account for the better than average profitability ratios.
Coca Cola would benefit from a reduction in short term debt. Accounts payable and accrued expenses. Accounts payable and accrued expenses represent 47.7% of current liabilities. The current level of accounts payable and accrued expenses exceeds the current level of total equity investments, combined cash and marketable securities, and combined accounts receivable and inventories, taken individually. The company should reduce the level of accounts payable and accrued expenses to a level where the company’s equity investments exceed them.
Coca Cola’s current assets are effectively being converted into sales revenues. Liquidity is in line with industry averages. Solvency is within a reasonable range with industry averages but better management of working capital, specifically current liabilities is indicated. The company’s net working capital position is negative and must be brought to positive levels. Coca Cola is highly leveraged, however the company continues to be profitable. As opposed to attempting to further increase the company’s asset base, which would likely involve employment of additional debt, Coca Cola should reduce the level of accounts payable and accrued expenses and the level of loans and notes payable to a levels that can be covered by the existing levels of cash, accounts receivables, inventories, and equity investments. Read also Johnson and Johnson financial analysis
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Beverages Industry Profile: Global. (2009, March). Beverages Industry Profile: Global, Retrieved March 23, 2009, from Business Source Premier database.
The Coca Cola Company. 2008 Annual Report on Form 10-k. Retrieved March 23, 2009 from http://ir.thecoca-colacompany.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=94566&p=irol-financials
The Coca Cola Company. Item 8: Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. Retrieved March 23, 2009 from http://www.thecoca-colacompany.com/investors/pdfs/10-K_2008/Coca-Cola_10-K_Item_08.pdf
Dun & Bradstreet. SIC:2086, Bottled and Canned Soft Drink, All Asset Ranges. Retrieved March23, 2009 from Key Business Ratios database.
MSN Money. Coca-Cola Co: Key Ratios. Retrieved March 23, 2009