Union Soviet Socialist Republic
After the breakup of former Union Soviet Socialist Republic, the Eastern European States were granted independence. Hopes were high about forging economic and political co-operation between Russia, the Eastern European States and the European Union. European Union (EU) launched programs which can forge closer relationship with countries which were part of former Soviet Union namely Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Estonia, Latvia, Slovakia and Ukraine. More affluent European neighbors increased financial assistance to the newly acceded states for political and economic reforms that may lead to comprehensive Association Agreements which include free-trade pacts and commitments on energy security which is of primary importance to EU countries for oil and gas supplies transverse the Eastern European region from Russia.
On the other hand, small independent states wanted to establish a new identity for themselves apart from being a subordinate of Russia and face challenges to democracy and the rule of law. They are also working hard to rebuild their economy which is badly hit by recession so financial aids from EU are most welcome in making the transition to market economies. But working with Russia was hard for Eastern European countries because of bitter past and has clashed
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In 2005, Vladimir Putin addressed the Russian Parliament on the state of the nation and said that the collapse of USSR was the greatest geopolitical catastrophe of the 20th century because it displaced Russian from its superpower position and this view is supported by Russian leaders and populace. Russia is one of the biggest producers of oils and gas products, products which are of utmost importance to the world. Russia’s gas transverses Eastern European countries and Russia must establish good relationship with these mini states in order to successfully transport its product to other European countries.
Europe is not only composed of the 15 original member nations, it also includes Russia and European States and in order for it to promote economic cooperation needs serious rethinking of political views among its inhabitants. Politics and economy goes hand-in-hand. Economic development and political stabilization can be achieved through open markets and economic integration by harmonious relationship with neighboring countries.
Russia, the Eastern Estates and European Union will have to work doubly hard to co-exist and co-operate with one another for their common goal of economic security and political stability for after all they are all essential part of European continent. In answer to the question, in these times when conflict between Russia and Eastern European States are still not resolved, the mini-states cannot help Russia cultivate economic relations with Europe but given the right intervention and serious rethinking of political stand between these countries will surely arrive at the EU’s aim of a united Europe.
Center for Applied Research (2005, October 11) The EU and the Baltic States: Enhancing the
Potential for Cooperation, Retrieved from the website
http://www.cap.lmu.de/download/2006/2006_Russia-EU-Baltic.pdf on May 2, 2010
Counsel of the European Union (2009, May 7) Joint Declaration of the Prague Eastern
Partnership Summit, Retrieved from the website
HTML on May 2, 2010