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Virtual Business Personal Finance!

Basic Needs
These ate the things people cannot live without,such as food, clothing, and shelter.
Everyday Living
What you experience on a typical day- whatever is a part of your routine, such as going to your job, attending church, cooking dinner, or walking your dog. Time management helps you make the most of everyday living.
Goals
Things you hope to achieve in your life and work toward, getting a good job, completing your college degree, getting married, owning your own home, or running in a marathon,
Health
The condition of your body and mind. A person can be in good health or in bad health, both physically and emotionally.
Moderation
Not too much or too little of something; not going to an extreme in your pursuit of a goal.
Nutrition
Obtained from food and used by our bodies for growth and maintaining good health.
Opportunity Cost
What is lost by choosing one option instead of another. For example, the opportunity cost of choosing to take an afternoon nap might be a lost trip to the gym.
Sedentary
A sedentary lifestyle is one that involves a lot of sitting around and not enough physical activity.
Stress
Stress is a mental or physical tension caused by worry over problems we may be experiencing in life. Stress is a negative emotion.
Time as an Investment
The idea that spending time on a positive activity such as exercise, pursuit of a hobby, or volunteering will pay off in the long run with better physical and mental health.
Time Management
Organizing and using your time in a way that allows you to meet your daily needs as well as your short and long-term goals with as little stress as possible.
Values
What individuals or cultures think of as important in life, as having meaning, or as being desirable.
Abilities
Natural or acquired skills or talents.
Advancement
In terms of a career, an effort one makes (or a milestone one achieves) in bettering one’s career.
Aptitude
An inherent ability or talent.
Benefits
Entitlements, such as health or lide insurance, available in accordance with a wage agreement, insurance policy, or program.
Career
Achosen pursuit, profession, or occupation.
Career Path
A planned progression of jobs within one or more professions throughout one’s working life.
Cost of Living
The average cost of life’s basic necessities, such as shelter, food, and clothing.
Cover Letter
A letter you send with your resume to provide more information about you.
Education
The process of acquiring knowledge and developing skills, often through formal education resulting in a specialized degree.
Entry Level
Indicates a job accesible to a person who is inexperienced in a particular field.
Job
A regular activity performed in exchange for payment.
Resume
A brief account of one’s work experience and qualifications.
Salary
A fixed compensation paid regularly for services.
Skills
Proficiency acquired through training or experience.
Standard of Living
a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone
Budget
An itemized summary of probable expenditures and income for a given period.
Deficit
The amount by which expenditures exceed income.
Expenditure
An amount of money spent.
Fixed expense
An unchanging expenditure.
Flexible expense
An expenditure that varies.
Income
Money received.
Savings
Money that is not spent.
Surplus
An amount of money remaining after all expenses have been met.
Take-home pay
Money received after all adjustments and deductions are made.
Unexpected expense
An unforeseen cost.
Landlord
The company or indicidual that owns an apartment.
Lease
A legal document signed by both the tenant and the landlord that contains the terms of the agreement, such as the names of the tenant(s), the rent amount, and the responsibilites of the landlord and the tenant.
Location
The location of your apartment is an important safety consideration and also determines your ease of getting to work, buying groceries, etc.
Notice
An amount of time required in advance if either the landlord or the tenant wishes to discontinue the rental agreement. This courtesy allows both partie time to make other arrangements.
Rent
The payment, usually monthly, that the tenant pays to the landlord.
Security Deposit
A sum of moeny usually equal to one month’s rent, held by the landlord to cover any damage to the apartment caused by a tenant.
Tenant
The person renting the apartment.
Term
The length of a rental agreement, usually a period of one year.
Unit
One individual apartment. A large apartment building may contain 20 or more units.
Utilities
Items and services needed to make a house or apartment functional such as hot water, electricity, natural gas, phone service, and cable service.
Comparison Shopping
Looking for the same product in mutiple stores to find the best price, or to find the best product.
Contract
An agreement between a buyer and a seller.
Primary Need
Something that you must have to live from day to day, like food, shelter, and clothing.
Recall
The voluntary or involuntary removal of a dangerous product from the market.
Secondary Need
Something that can help you improve your day to day life, like a computer, car, or television.
Value
What you think the purchase is worth to you personally, taking into consideration how it will help to improve your life.
Want
Soemthing that won’t help you live from day-to-day, like jewelry, video games, and soda. Once you have met your primary and secondary needs, you can try to make room for some of these things in your budget.
Warranty
The seller’s promise to fix or replace the product if somthing goes wrong.
ATM
Automatic Teller Machine-a bank machine that gives out cash from your account and accepts deposits around the clock.
Coupe
A car with two front seats and a smaller backseat for occasional passengers. It usually has two doors but sometimes has four.
Collision Insurance
This covers the car of the insured person and pays for repairs after an accident or cash compensation if the car can’t be repaired. This type of coverage is usually optional.
Lease
An agreement that gives one party the use of a commodity for a specified period of time and for a specified price.
Liability Insurance
This compensates an injured party up to a certain amount outlined in the policy statement. This type of insurance ensures you will be able to pay for any damages you cause.
Loan
An amount of money given to the borrower for a set period of time. After the set time has passed, the money must be paid back plus the lending fee,called interest. Payments are normally made over a series of months.
Minivan
A car that is designed for a maximum passenger space. It has mutiple rows of seats, but often doesn’t offer significant towing power or off-road capability.
No-Fault Auto Insurance
A system under which drivers must have coverage for their own protection. It also limits the damages for which an injured party can sue. Under this system, after an accident both parties would be covered by their own insurance policies. Only some states use this system.
Sedan
A common type of car that has two rows of seats and a trunk. It can have two doors or four doors. but the backseat should be able to seat adults comfortably.
SUV(Sport Utility Vehicle)
A, A car designed to have multiple rows of seats and significant towing power. Most also have the ability to drive off-road.
Bank
Financial institution at which you can get a checking account or savings account.
Bank Statement
Monthly printout from your bank that shows all transactions in your accounts.
Basic Checking Account
a no frills checking account that offers a low minimum opening deposite and reduced fees for students
Check
A debit against your checking account written on a paper form.
Check Cashing Service
business that charges a fee to cash a check such as a paycheck. banks will provide this service for free to their customers.
Check Register
The book in which you keep records of checks, deposits, debit card transactions, and atm withdrawals.
Debit Card
Like a credit card, but directly attached to a checking account, and can be used with a pin to pay for items at a store.
Direct Deposit
An automatic deposit of a paycheck without having to take a physical check to the bank.
Fees
Service fees for use of the checking account, built into the service agreement.
Interest-Bearing Checking Account
A checking account that pays interest on the balance.
Overdrafts
Amounts withdrawn from your account beyond the money the account held.
Payday Loan
A loan where a borrower gets a cash advanced based on his paycheck. These loans generally must be repaid on the next payday.
APR
Annual Percentage Rate, or the interest rate that the user of a credit card will pay. The APR advertised by creditors varies and should be used to compare different credit card offers.
Credit
Making purchases now and paying for them later (also known as borrowing!).
Credit Card
A plastic card used to make purchases now and pay for them later.
Creditor
Any bank or business that extends credit to others; a lender.
Debtor
Anyone who owes money; a borrower.
Finance Charge
A fee for borrowing money, added to a monthly credit card bill.
Interest Rate
The fee, expressed as a percentage, a borrower owes for the use of a creditor’s money. At an interest rate of 10%, a borrower would pay $110 for $100 borrowed.
Introductory Rate
A temporary interest rate, advertised as a low APR to entice customers to apply for a credit card. After the introductory period, the interest rate will increase to the regular APR.
Late Fees
Additional fees that can be added to a credit card bill if the card holder fails to make at least the minimum payment by the due date.
Minimum Payment
The smallest required payment that a credit card holder can pay on a monthly bill and still remain in good standing with the lender.
Principal
The amount of money borrowed. On a credit card bill, the principal is the purchase price of all items bought with the card.
Bankruptcy
When a debtors assets are sold to settle unpaid debts and the debtor is no longer responsiblle for further debt beyond what was recovered.
Certified Mail
Mail that gives the sender proof of receipt from the U.S. Postal Service.
Credit History
A summary of a person’s borrowing and repayment history.
Credit Report
a report on a person’s creditworthiness that includes identifying information, credit cards, late payments, bankruptcies, and savings balances
Fair Credit Reporting (FCRA)
Federal law giving consumers the right to view and correct their credit information.
FICO Expansion Score
A creditworthiness score that, like the regular FICO score, has a scale of 300-850, but is based on nontraditional accounts and financial information sources and is designed for young persons, new immagrants, or others without a traditional credit history.
Foreclosure
When a bank takes back a property and auctions it off to recover the unpaid loan amount.
Installment Loan
Loan with equal number of payments of the same amount over a fixed period of time.
Lien
A promise to reclaim an item bought with loaned money if the loan is not repaid.
APR
this stands for annual percentage rate, which is a number calculated by taking into account the total cost of the loan, including what the borrower will pay in interest; this makes it easier to compare different loan offers
Balancing a Checking Account
calculations that are made to determine the difference between the payments from, and deposits to, a checking account
ATM
An unattended machine (outside some banks) that dispenses money when a personal coded card is used
Apprenticeship
A learning period of up to five years including on the job training (with pay) and additional coursework at night. See www.ua.org.
Associate’s Degree
A degree that generally takes two years of study and is awarded by a community, junior, or business college.
Bachelor’s Degree
An academic which usually takes four years to earn and is awarded by a college or university.
Career Ladder
Upward movement from an entry-level job to the job that is a final goal.
College
A four-year institution of learning where students earn an undergraduate degree (BA or BS degree).
Community College
A two-year college that emphasizes career training, or a less expensive way to complete the first two years of college before transferring to a four-year college.
Cooperative Education
When a degree program is combined with an internship in a company as part of practical education in the field.
Grants and Scholarships
Money to pay for college that does not need to be paid back.
Internship
Time spent working for a company in an industry of interest. Can be paid or unpaid, and can last typically from six weeks to a year.
Occupational Training Programs
These range from a half-day weekly during high school to two-year, full-time programs spent learning a trade such as firefighting, medical technology, or IT network management.
Student Loan
Money borrowed to pay for education. This money must be paid back. The best loans have deferred interest. That means interest does not start building until the education period is complete.
University
An organization of advanced education, that makes the appropriate amenities available for instruction and study and has the necessary certification to award graduate or undergraduate degrees.
Account Transfer
Making an online transfer of money; for example, from a savings account to a checking account.
Fraud
When a criminal uses trickery to convince someone to give up valuable information or items of value.
Identity Theft
When a criminal opens a credit card with another persons name and social security number, charges merchandise, and leaves the victim with the unpaid bill. This can be multiplied as identities can be fraudulently sold, and others can continue to use someones good credit to get further credit cards and loans.
Internet
The worldwide electronic network including web pages, chat rooms, and online forums.
Internet Access
Service that connects a computer to the internet. Can be done through a cable modem, through DSL or dial ip service over a phone line, or over Wi-Fi in coffee shops and on many college campuses.
Online Banking
Using the Internet and a banks website to keep track of band accounts, moving money from one account to another, and paying bills.
Password
Secret word used, with the username, to access online banking. Banks usually have rules for passwords, such as they must be 6 to 12 characters long and have both numbers and letters.
Personal Information
Important identifying data that lets your online bank know you ar who yousay you are, such as date of birth, sociol security number, and mothers maiden. Never give out this information unless you are certain it is to your own bank and not a fraudelent Web site.
Phishing
When a criminal sends an e-mail using a scheme to get you to divulge your personal informatioon. Contact your bank immediatly if an e-mail says you will lose your account unless you provide your username and password or any other personal information. It is important not to reply to these emails.
PIN(Personal Identification Number)
A number used to access your account when used with a money card or debit card.
Recurring Payments
Automatic payments a customer can set up, such as to pay for car insurance or cell phone service. These payments can happen every month, even though they are set up only once.
Username
Account name used to access online banking.
1040EZ
The quick tax form most often used, in paper or online, for thos with uncomplicated tax situations.
1099INT
Report on interest income sent from the bank to both the IRS and the taxpayer for savings account interest.
1099MISC
Repoert of income made to the IRS and the taxpayer for any moner paid by the job, instead of as a salaried employee.
FICA
Short for Federal Insurance Contributions Act, the name given on the paycheck stub for Social Security and Medicare taxes. The employee pays some of the FICA tax, and and the employer pays some of this tax for each employee. Social Security pays benifits for older people, people with disabilaties, and minor children and surviving spouses of deceased workers. Medicare pays for hospital insurance for those over 65.
Gross Income
The total amount of your income before you claim any exemptions or deductions
Income Tax
Tax paid to the state, federal, and local governments based on income earned over the past year.
Standard Deduction
The amount of deduction given for those not claimed as a dependent on a parents taxes
Tax Audit
A reveiw of a tax return by the Irs in which the taxpayer must show proof of all deductions, expenses, and income.
Tax Deduction
A donation or expense that reduces the taxable income amount.
Tax Exemption
A number that includes the taxpayer and any dependents. Because most teens are listed as dependents on their parents taxes, their tax exemption is 0.
Tax Refund
A check returning the taxpayers money to the taxpayer after tax retuns are filed and the over paid tax is determined.
Tax Table
The table in the 1040EZ booklet showing levels of income on one side and the tax owed on the other side.
W2
Report sent from the employer to both the IRS and the employee, showing gross income, total taxes paid, and total voluntary deductions.
W4
The withholding form each new employee fills out, stating the number of exemptions. the more exemptions listed, the less withholding tax will be taken from the paycheck.
Back End Load
Fees paid to the mutual fund company when selling a mutual fund.
Dividends
Quarterly payout of profits by a company to all shareholders.
Expense Ratios
For a mutual fund, an annual percentage the fund takes as payment. Expense ratios of different funds can be compared to find the best value.
FDIC Insured
The FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation) is a gonvernment agency that nsures depositors’ money. Backs and savings and loan companies that are FDIC-insured pay a percentage of their deposits to the FDIC to pay for the insurance.
Front End Load
Fees paid to the mutual fund company as an entry requirment into certain mutual funds.
Inflation
Rise in prices that effectively makes cash have less buying power.
Savings Account
A safe, low-return investment avalible from banks. There is generally no minimum deposit for this type of account, making it perfect for kids and teens just starting out.
Year To Date Return (YTD)
On a mutual fund statement, a comparison of how the fund has done comapared to its value on the first of the year.
Yield
For a savings account, the percentage of interest earned annually. For a stock, the annual dividend divided by the share price.
Adjustable Rate Mortgage
In this type of mortgage the interest rate can vary at certain points in the life of the mortgage. Usually the interest rate is tied to an index such as the U.S. Treasury bill rate. An adjustable rate mortgage is sometimes called a variable rate mortgage.
Closing Costs
These are additional costs paid by the borrower when buying or refinancing a home. For example, fees paid for a title search, an appraisal, a loan origination fee, title insurance, taxes, or the cost of a credit report.
Condominium
A dwelling in which you own your individual unit, and a group or association owns the common areas such as green space, recreation facilities, etc.
Down Payment
A sum of money that you can pay at closing. The selling price of the home less the amount of your down payment is the amount you will need to finance, or borrow.
Equity
The monetary value of your ownership. To determine your equity in your home, subtract the amount you still owe on the home from its fair market value, or the price it would sell for.
Fixed Rate Mortgage
In this type of mortgage the interest rate remains the same throughout the life of the mortgage; it will not increase or decrease. Your payment due will be the same each month.
Mortgage
A legal document that uses property to secure a loan. Often the loan itself is referred to as a mortgage.
Points
A point is equal to 1% of the amount of the loan. Sometimes by paying more points at closing you can reduce the interest rate on your loan.
PMI (Private Mortgage Insurance)
Insurance that protects the lender in case the borrower defaults and is unable to repay the loan. Generally a borrower must pay PMI if their equity is less than 20% of the home’s value.
Single Family Home
A free-standing residential building meant for one family to occupy, usually found outside of cities and in neighborhoods with other single family homes. Most single family homes have a yard as well.
Asset Class
Seperate types of investments, such as stocks/stock mutual funds, bonds/bond funds, money market accounts, and international stocks/international stock funds. Each asset class has typical risks and returns, and a certain investment within that class may perform better or worse than its peers.
Capital Gain
When you sell a stock for more than you paid for it, the difference is called a capital gain. Capital gains are income that must be reported on taxes.
Capital Loss
When what you sell a stock for is less than what you originally paid for the stock, the difference is called a capital loss.
Common Stock
A share in a company’s assets and profits. The ownership of a publicly traded company is split up into the shares of stock being traded and held.
Dividend
Money paid by a corporation to each shareholder. Typically given four times a year, these distributions of company profits can be used to reinvest in more shares of the company.
Money Market
A mutual fund or account that invests in short-term, liquid investments. These funds generally pay better than a savings account with a bank, but less than a typical stock mutual fund. These funds are considered very low risk.
Mutual Fund
A mutual fund is a pool of stocks, bonds, and other securities managed by an investment company. Individuals can buy shares of the fund and profit from its investment gains.
Private Corporation
An incorporated business that does not trade shares of stock on an open market. It is owned privately, typically by a small number of people.
Public Corporation
An incorporated business owned jointly by all stockholders. Stockholders vote on who will oversee the company as a Board of Directors. Usually, the company profits are paid out in the form of dividends.
Rate of Return
The annual amount of money an investment makes, given as a percentage. For example, a $100 investment that is worth $112 the next year had a 12% return.
Risk
The chance that an investment may lose value. Less risky investments have a lower rate of return.
Return
Monetary increase that an investment makes. If an investment loses value, it is called a negative return.
Bear Market
A time with generally falling stock prices.
Blue Chip Stock
Stocks issued by solid and reliable companies with long records of growth and stability. These stocks usually pay small but reliable dividends and maintain a steady stock price.
Bonds
Money loaned to the government corporations, or muncipalities that pays the investor interest. Different types of bonds can be more or less risky, and bonds can have high yields or low yields (interest rates).
Bull Market
A time with generally rising stock prices.
Defensive Stock
Stocks of companies that produce such staples as food, beverages, and phamaceuticals, and insurance companies. These businesses may not grow enormously fast, but they should keep their value relatively constant.
Diversification
Owning a collection of investments such as stocks from different industries and small and large companies, bonds, and money market funds for cash, in order to spread risk and have a safer investment overall.
Growth Stock
Stocks of companies that generally do not pay dividends or pay only very small dividends. These companies plow their profits back into growing the business. They can be new and entrepreneurial companies, and can experience high growth or financial failure.
Investment Portfolio
The collection of investments you personally hold, including stocks, bonds, money market accounts, and savings account.
Large-Cap Stock
Stocks of very large companies such as Walmart, General Electric, and IBM, that have a market capitalization of between $10 billion and $200 billion.
Personal Investing Plan
A collection of investments tailored to your investment risk tolerance and time horizon. Any plan only works as well as your ability to stick with it, including sometimes selling “winners” to keep your overall spread of investments to where you want it to be.
Small-Cap Stock
Stocks of largely uknown companies with smaller market capitalization, that is, dollar value of total stock ownership. Small-cap stocks generally have a market capitalization of between $300 million and $2 billion.
401(k) plan
A type of employer-sponsored retirement plan in which money is contributed on a pre-tax basis and all earnings are tax deferred.
Annuity
An investment contract made with the issuer (e.g., insurance company); types: immediate, deferred, fixed, variable.
Defined-benefit plan
A type of retirement plan, usually a pension, in which the payment amount is guaranteed.
Defined-contribution plan
A type of retirement plan in which the amount invested in the plan is controlled by the employee, with no guarantee of benefits.
Employer-sponsored retirement plan
A savings plan for retirement that is offered through a company’s benefits package; contributions are usually matched by the company.
IRA (Individual Retirement Account)
A type of retirement-savings plan that is not usually done through an employer; traditonal IRAs are tax deductible and earnings are tax deferred.
Keogh plan
A retirement savings plan for self-employed professionals or owners of small businesses; it affords the same tax benefits as a 401(k).
Pension
A fixed sum paid regularly by an employer to an employee after retirement.
Retirement
Permanent withdrawal from the workforce.
Roth IRA
This type of Individual Retirement Account is not tax deductible, but may not be subject to income tax upon withdrawal.
Social Security
A United States government program established in 1935 that includes a retirement benefit for citzens; it is funded by payroll tax.
Automobile Insurance
A type of insurance that covers property damage or legal liabilities in the event of an auto accident, or property damage in the event of theft.
Beneficiary
The individual or group of individuals named to recieve the benefit of a life insurance policy.
Coverage
The things that are protected or covered in an insurance policy.
Deductible
The amount of the loss you pay when you file an insurance claim.
Dependents
The persons who depend on someone for their livelihood. Most often these are minor children and the spouse but can be adult siblings, adult children, and elderly parents.
Disability Insurance
A type of insurance that replaces the income of the insured individual if he or she cannot work due to injury or illness.
Health Insurance
A type of insurance that covers the cost of both planned and unexpected health services.

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