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voorhees chp 15 review

formalized rules
refers to the bureaucracy doing its work according to a number of established regulations and procedures
hierarchy
speeds actions in a bureaucracy by reducing conflicts over who has the power and the appropriate authority to make decisions
below the title of department titles of government agencies are….
little standarded
job specialization
allows workers in a bureaucracy to focus on one particular job
bureaucracy
large, complex administrative structure that handles the everyday business of an organization
staff agencies
furnish advice and give assistance
line agencies
perform tasks and administer programs
department
the agency of cabinet rank in the executive branch
domestic affairs matters
those not directly connected to foreign affairs
fiscal year
a 12 month financial period
executive office of the president
the umbrella agency staffed by the presidents closest advisors
national security counsil
advise the president on all domestic, foreign and military aspects of the nations security
office of management and budget (OMB)
their main job is the preparation of the federal budget which the president must submit to congress every year
white house
the “nerve center” of the executive office of the pres.
counsil of economic advisors
made of three of the nations leading economists, provides the president information and advise on the state of the nations economy
each executive department is headed by _____ except for the justice department which is headed by __________
secretary, attorney general
members of the presidents cabinet, after being appointed by the president, are then subject to what?
senate approval
cabinet members have two major jobs. what are they?
1. each is the administrative head of his agency
2. collectively they advise the pres.
name two criteria the president uses when choosing members of the cabinet
1. professional and practical experience
2. regional balance, ethnic, gender, racial balance
civil service project of 1883
laid the foundation for the present civil service system
the MAIN goal of civil service today is what?
to recruit and retain the best available people for the work force
draft
compulsory induction to military service
independent regulatory commission
agencies created by congress and are largely beyond the reach of presidential control
government corporations
entities set up by congress to carry out business-like activities
name one way that government corporations are different from private corporations
officers are public employees
administration
the officials in the executive branch of a gov. and their policies and principles
federal budget
a detailed financial document containing estimates of federal income and spending during the coming fiscal year
executive department
AKA cabinet departments
the traditional units of federal administration
there are 15 of them and most of the federal govs. work is done by them
civilian
nonmilitary workforce
independent agency
additional agencies created by congress located outside the cabinet departments
independent executive agency
agencies headed by a single administrator with regional subunits, but lacking cabinet status
patronage
the practice of giving jobs to supporters and friends
spoils system
the practice of giving offices and other favors of government to political supporters and friends
government corporation
corporations within the executive branch subject to the presidents direction and control, set up by congress to carry out certain business-like activities

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