Workplace Racial Discrimination
Employment racial discrimination refers to the illegal and unethical practice of making decisions against the employment rights and opportunities of the working group on the basis of age, sex, religion, national origin, physical disabilities, marital status, political affiliation and sexual orientation (Jasper, 2008). Employment discrimination may occur in three ways: ? Treating of similar employees in different ways; ? Employer’s decision to employees on prejudice; and ? Even though the employment decision is fair, but it has a negative effect on a group of employees in a protected class of employees.
Talking about the scenario in the United States, the Federal and state laws forbid racial discrimination in every aspect of the employment relationship, including hiring, promotions, compensation, job training, or any other term or condition of employment. For instance, an employer discriminates when it refuses to hire negroes, promotes only white employees to supervisory positions, requires only African-American job applicants to take a drug test, or refuses to allow Asian-American employees to deal with customers.
An employer who differentiates his employees on the basis of physical characteristics connected with a particular race, such as hair texture or color, skin color, or facial appearance also commits racial discrimination. Even employment terms and policies may be discriminatory if they have a unequal impact on members of a particular group. Types of Workplace Racial Discrimination The racial discrimination at work covers every part of employment.
This includes recruitment, terms and conditions, pay and benefits, status, training, promotion and transfer opportunities, right through to redundancy and dismissal and also the law allows a job to be limited to natives of a particular racial or ethnic group where there is a genuine occupational requirement exists. The racial discrimination may be of four types: ? Direct discrimination – It is a pure racial discrimination or deliberate discrimination where a particular job is only open to people of a specific racial group of people.
Indirect discrimination – It is a type of discrimination in which the employees’ working practices, provisions or criteria that disadvantage certain members of any group such as introducing a dress code without good reason, which might discriminate against some ethnic groups. ? Harassment – It is a type of discrimination in which employees are mentally harassed upon participating in, allowing or encouraging behavior that offends someone or creates a hostile atmosphere or culture.
? Victimization –It is a part of discrimination in which treating employees less favorably because they have complained or been involved in a complaint about racial discrimination such as taking disciplinary action against one employee for complaining about discrimination against themselves or another person in an organization. Equal employment opportunity cannot be denied to any person because of his or her racial group, race-linked characteristics (e. g. , hair texture, color, facial features etc), or because of his or her marriage formality or association with someone of a particular race or color.
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 rules out the employment decisions based on stereotypes and assumptions about abilities, traits, or the performance of individuals of certain racial groups in the country. “The Act has specified that it is illegal to distinguish people in an organization in terms of policies and guidelines regarding recruitment, discipline and discharge, transfer, performance measurements, promotion, job training, work assignments, wages and benefits, or any other term, condition, or privilege of employment” (Shannon).